Before starting: Make sure you have the necessary folders and permissions — get more information.

Links: Homepage | Documentation | Downloads
Dependencies: Apache | LibJPEG | LibPNG | LibMCrypt | FreeType | OpenSSL | PostgreSQL
Version: 7.0.10

PHP is a general-purpose server-side scripting language that is especially suited to web development.

Get the Code

Switch to /usr/local/src and download the source package.

cd /usr/local/src
curl --location --output php-VERSION.tar.gz

Extract the archive and move into the folder.

tar -xzvf php-VERSION.tar.gz
cd php-VERSION

Compile and Install

Configure, compile and install into /usr/local/php-VERSION.

Latest release of OpenSSL does not work. Version 1.0.2h required.

./configure \
  --prefix=/usr/local/php-VERSION \
  --with-config-file-path=/usr/local/php-VERSION/etc \
  --enable-bcmath \
  --enable-mbstring \
  --enable-sockets \
  --enable-zip \
  --with-apxs2=/usr/local/apache/bin/apxs \
  --with-bz2 \
  --with-curl \
  --with-freetype-dir=/usr/local/freetype \
  --with-gd \
  --with-imap-ssl \
  --with-jpeg-dir=/usr/local/libjpeg \
  --with-mcrypt=/usr/local/libmcrypt \
  --with-mysqli \
  --with-pear \
  --with-pdo-mysql \
  --with-pdo-pgsql=/usr/local/postgresql \
  --with-pgsql=/usr/local/postgresql \
  --with-png-dir=/usr/local/libpng \
  --with-openssl=/usr/local/openssl-1.0.2h \
  --with-xmlrpc \
  --with-xsl \

Edit PHP's Makefile.

nano Makefile

Find the line that begins with EXTRA_LIBS =. Remove all references to -lcrypto and -lssl. Then add the following directives to the end of the line. Make sure there is a space before the new directives.

/usr/local/openssl-1.0.2h/lib/libssl.dylib /usr/local/openssl-1.0.2h/lib/libcrypto.dylib

Then continue building PHP.

make install

Create a symbolic link that points /usr/local/php to /usr/local/php-VERSION.

ln -s php-VERSION /usr/local/php

PHP Configuration

Copy a PHP configuration template to the target folder. You can configure any of the php.ini directives by editing this file.

cp php.ini-development /usr/local/php-VERSION/etc/php.ini

Set the location of the php.ini configuration file for PECL and PEAR.

/usr/local/php-VERSION/bin/pecl config-set php_ini /usr/local/php-VERSION/etc/php.ini
/usr/local/php-VERSION/bin/pear config-set php_ini /usr/local/php-VERSION/etc/php.ini

Apache Configuration

Edit Apache's configuration file.

nano /usr/local/apache/conf/httpd.conf

Copy and paste the following text at the end of the aforementioned file.

<IfModule mime_module>
  AddType application/x-httpd-php .php
<IfModule dir_module>
  DirectoryIndex index.html index.php


Execute the following lines to update your Bash startup script.

echo 'export PATH=/usr/local/php/bin:$PATH' >> ~/.bash_profile
echo 'export MANPATH=/usr/local/php/php/man:$MANPATH' >> ~/.bash_profile

Load the new shell configurations.

source ~/.bash_profile

Restart the Web Server

The web server must be restarted for the changes to take effect.

sudo apachectl restart

Verify the Installation

Verify that you have successfully installed PHP.

php --version